Climate Adaptation

Carbonfund.org Foundation helps to finance climate change mitigation projects, but it is important to understand climate adaptation initiatives are equally important.

Climate change mitigation projects essentially avoid the release or work to sequester already released greenhouse gas emissions.  In contrast, as noted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), climate adaptation initiatives refer “to adjustments in ecological, social, or economic systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli and their effects or impacts.”

As an example of climate adaptation, Carbonfund.org’s wholly-owned subsidiary CarbonCo has developed four Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) projects in Brazil, which have been independently validated and verified to the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) and the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standard (CCBS).  One of our REDD+ projects is the Envira Amazonia Project, which achieved Triple Gold Distinction under the CCBS, in part for the incorporation of climate adaptation measures.

The CREAS Project (Regional Climate Change Scenarios for South America) forecasts “intense rainfall events in western Amazonia {i.e., where the Envira Amazonia Project is located}, losses in natural ecosystems, rain forest and biodiversity,” along with the potential for “low river levels affecting transportation and commerce” and “more favorable conditions for spread of forest fires.”  These intense rainfall events in western Amazonia, in conjunction with the absence of the Project’s avoided deforestation, would likely increase the rate of topsoil erosion and more quickly deplete soil nutrients.  This in turn would likely increase the conversion of primary forests to agriculture and pasture lands by the local community.  Such flooding could further lead to: local crops destroyed which leads to communities planting more hectares to maintain historic harvest levels; fishing grounds could be disrupted due to faster moving currents and oxbow lakes could be altered; increased mosquito-borne illnesses due to greater pools of water; and game could move further into the forests to escape rising water levels.

Thus, the climate adaptation measures of the Envira Amazonia Project include, but are not limited to: building the community health center to mitigate potential increases in mosquito-borne illnesses; ensuring agricultural extension courses incorporate climate adaptation techniques; assisting local families with access to markets for their products to overcome increased difficulty in transportation networks; and locating facilities such as the headquarters and health centers further away from river banks to minimize the risk of flooding.

To learn more about climate adaptation and our projects, please visit Carbonfund.org Foundation.