The Amazon Rainforest is the largest contiguous rainforest in the world and is home to an extraordinary diversity of life. The Amazon Basin is approximately 1.4 to 2.3 million square miles and its extensive watersheds – consisting of nearly 363 to 596 million hectares (897 million to 1.47 billion acres) – cover the eight South American countries of Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname; 60% of which is considered Brazilian territory. The Legal Amazon of Brazil covers the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins.
Carbonfund.org’s wholly-owned subsidiary CarbonCo has developed four REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) projects in Acre, which is the farthest Western state of Brazil. Our projects, which are collectively conserving approximately 300,000 hectares (approximately 750,000 acres) of Amazon Rainforest, are called the Envira Amazonia, Purus, Russas and Valparaiso Projects.
The Amazon River, and its many tributaries, contain one-fifth of the world’s freshwater while stretching nearly 4,000 miles (approximately 6,400 kilometers) from the Andes Mountains on the West coast of South America all the way to the Atlantic Ocean and Brazil’s port city of Macapá. Carbonfund.org’s REDD+ projects are located next to major river systems. For instance, our Purus Project is located alongside the Purus River, our Envira Amazonia Project is located from the Purus River to the Envira River, and both of our Russas and Valparaiso Projects are adjacent to the Jurua River.
There are also an estimated one to two million animal species throughout the Amazon Rainforest including iconic species such as howler monkeys, freshwater dolphins, scarlet macaws, and jaguars. Collectively, the Amazon Rainforest supports the greatest diversity of terrestrial biodiversity of Earth. Our Purus, Russas, and Valparaiso Projects utilize motion sensitive wildlife cameras to monitor medium-to-large mammals, while our Envira Amazonia Project regularly hires a professional ornithologist to study the diversity of birds present at that project.
With nearly one-third of all known species and the largest network of freshwater, the Amazon Rainforest – and specifically Acre’s remaining forests and biodiversity – is in a delicate balance. This includes threats of deforestation from cattle-ranching, industrial agriculture, and forest fires.
To learn more and support our critical work of helping to conserve the Amazon Rainforest, please visit Carbonfund.org’s forestry project page. Furthermore, Carbonfund.org’s Brian McFarland wrote the book, Conservation of Tropical Rainforests: A Review of Financial and Strategic Solutions, which includes several Amazon Rainforest case studies.